Cyber-bullying is a problem which affects youth, worldwide. In a study published in 2011, across 25 European Union member states studied, the average 6% of the youth (9–16 years old) have been bullied and only 3% of them confessed to be a bully. Cyberbullying is an important new kind of violence, with some different characteristics from bullying. Cyberbullying refers to using the Internet, cell phones or other devices to send or post text messages or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person. Accordingly, cyber-bullying is different from “traditional” bullying as victims of cyberbullying may not know the identity of their bully and cyber-bullying can happen at any time. Additionally, the bullied person may not even know why he or she is bullied. Aims: I will describe prevalence of cyber-bullying behavior in Europe, analyse its impact on incidence and course of depression, anxiety and self-harming behaviors.
Scoping review on 1) prevalence of cyber-bullying, impact of cyber-bullying on depression, anxiety and self-harming behaviors.
The reported prevalence rates of cyber- victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors vary across countries and age groups. Part of this variation is likely due to the diverse definitions of cyber-bullying and the year of study conduct. Nevertheless, the impact of cyber-bullying on rates of depression, anxiety and self-harming behaviors may have been underestimated so far. Even a short duration of being a cyber-victim has severe effects on mental symptoms, given the potentially wide audience that some media can reach.
Implications for research and practical action to recognize symptoms of cyber-bullying and mitigate effects of cyber-bullying are necessary.