Snarky comments, backstabbing colleagues, nagging boss or plain lack of appreciation often fly under the radar, and hence go unnoticed.

Being subjected to rudeness is a major reason for dissatisfaction at work as unpleasant behaviour spreads if nothing is done about it, a says. The by three psychologists at Lund University in Sweden concludes that incivility should be treated with utmost seriousness.

The researchers explained that rudeness at the workplace refers to something that goes under the radar for what is prohibited and that in some way violates the norm for mutual respect.

It can refer to petty behaviour such as excluding someone from information and cooperation, or “forgetting” to invite someone to a communal event. It can also refer to taking credit for the work of others, spreading rumours, sending malicious e-mails, or not giving praise to subordinates.